Bukhansan (san means mountain in Korean) is a mountain on the northern periphery of Seoul, South Korea. The name means "mountain north of Han River". It's the perfect spot to go for a climb when you need a bit of nature therapy while travelling in metropolitan Seoul.
There are 100 Buddhist temples within the mountain and a fortress called Bukhansanseong that has over 2,000 years of history. You see why the mountain is so loved by people, hey? Bukhansan is a complete mixture of beautiful nature and rich history.
Bukhansan is one of the most popular mountains in South Korea, attracting approximately 5 million people a year. The mountain is also the highest within Seoul city, followed by Dobongsan and Suraksan that are over 600 meters.
There are 3 major peaks ; Baegundae (in korean, 백운대) 836.5 meters, Insubong(in korean, 인수봉) 810.5 meters and Mangyeongdae(in korean, 망경대) 787 meters. Bukhansan is sometimes called Samgaksan which means "the mountain with 3 peaks".
The mountain is an absolute magnificence in spring and summer. Sky is up high and blue, leaves turn green and flowers bloom. Make sure you bring plenty of water and chocolate bars, you'll sweat a lot.
Since Bukhansan is located near Seoul city, you can capture THE most extensive view of the city, which is a huge plus.
In autumn, the whole mountain is covered with colorful leaves and offers the most awe-inspiring outlook.
Autumn in Korea is known to be the most beautiful season since the weather is nice and the air is so clear, and of course, lots of colors, making it the best time to climb Bukhansan.
Bukhansan is absolutely beautiful in winter. However, it's the time when the highest number of people gets injured hiking since the mountain is mostly rocky it becomes extremely slippery when frozen. So do not rush, safety first!
Like mentioned above, Bukhansan National Park is packed with a number of historic materials / sites. The mountain has been considered one of the 5 great mountains of Korea since Silla dynasty (around the 6th century) so no wonder there are tons of history within.
FYI, the 5 mountains include Baekdusan, Geumgangsan and Myohyangsan which are located in North Korea and Jirisan and Bukhansan in South Korea.
Bukhansan is not very high but still pretty steep and all rocky so it can be a little harsh for less-experienced hikers. Some hikers think that the mountain is not too high so it wouldn't be too hard to climb but note that Bukhansan has the highest rate of mountain accidents throughout the country. However the trails are well equipped so as long as you keep track and don't rush, you'll safely reach the top.
How to get to Bukhansan National Park
- From Seoul
1. Ui-dong course : Baekun Exploration Support Center → Baekundae (2.1km)
2. Suyu-dong course : Daedongmun → Yongammun → Mangyeondae → Wimun → Baekundae
3. Pyeongchang-dong course : Pyeongchang Exploration Support Center → Dongryeong Fall → Ilseonsa (temple) → Daeseongmun
4. Jeongreung-dong course : Jeongreung Exploration Support Center → Sambongsa (temple) → Youngchusa (temple) → Daeseongmun
- From Goyang
1. Bukhansanseong (fortress) course : Bukhansan Exploration Support Center → Bulgwangsa (temple) → Hyangrobong
2. Hyoja-dong course : Hyojabi → Sumunbyeok Neungseon → Baekundae byroad → Baekundae peak
Address : 375, Daeseomun-gil, Deokyang-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do
Admission Fee : Free
Inquiries : +82-2-909-0497
Visit the official website of Bukhansan National Park for more details!